Sovereign African States Toward a Sustainable Africa
“A set of concrete principles and development goals that soundly move the value of natural capital from the periphery to the center of development planning…”
Vision of the Initiative
In May 2012, ten African heads of states in collaboration with some public and private sector partners held a two day summit where sustainability was the core of the discussions. The summit resulted in the Gaborone Declaration Sustainability for Africa where countries committed to implementing all conventions and declarations that promote sustainable development.
The overall objective of the Declaration is :
“To ensure that the contributions of natural capital to sustainable economic growth, maintenance and improvement of social capital and human well-being are quantified and integrated into development and business practice”.
This was propelled by the signatories’ realization of the limitations that GDP has as a measure of wellbeing and sustainable growth. The following action statements are the impetus of the Declaration:
- Action Statement 1: Integrating the value of natural capital into national accounting and corporate planning and reporting processes, policies, and programmes, in agreed efforts.
- Action Statement 2: Building social capital and reducing poverty by transitioning agriculture, extractive industries, fisheries and other natural capital uses to practices that promote sustainable employment, food security, sustainable energy and the protection of natural capital through protected areas and other mechanisms.
- Action Statement 3: Building knowledge, data, capacity and policy networks to promote leadership and new model in the field of sustainable development and to increase momentum for positive change.
During the last Conference on the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA) held in October 213 and aimed at solidifying this initiative and formalizing the pathway forward, other African States were encouraged to sign the GDSA noting that the benefits that these countries can gain are various and crucial in the field of a Sustainable Africa.
#DRC #Virunga #NatCap13 #NaturalCapital
Gaborone Conference in the News
- “Improve environment accountability – Khama” – Botswana Daily News
- “Effective governance vital” – Botswana Daily News
- “Ministry to launch national strategy” – Botswana Daily News
- “Natural capital integral to natural accounting say officials” – Echo
- “Youth appeal for environmental sustainability” – Echo
- “Ian Khama and Placing a Value on Nature” – Laurene Powell Jobs
- “Botswana plucks a leaf from Ecuadorian Socio Bosque Program” – Anthill News Agency
Gaborone Conference Publications
- South Africa Implementation Plan
- Draft Implementation Framework
- Madagascar Case Study
- Ecuador Case Study
Other Related Resources
To some, the May 2012 summit in Gaborone, Botswana may have seemed like just another meeting of powerful leaders that was all talk and no action. October’s follow-up meeting proved the skeptics wrong.
Last year’s summit — convened by the government of Botswana with support from CI — gathered 10 African heads of state, together with public and private sector partners, to discuss how best to incorporate nature into development decisions. This meeting gave birth to the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA), within which participating countries (Botswana, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa and Tanzania) agreed that in order to ensure the continued contribution of intact ecosystems to sustainable economic growth and human well-being, the following actions are key:
- Integrating the value of “natural capital” — the goods and services that nature provides — into national accounting and development planning;
- Building social and institutional networks and reducing poverty by transitioning from exploiting ecosystems to protecting them for long-term sustainable use; and
- Expanding awareness efforts, research and influence on policy.
As is to be expected for any newly established entity of this nature, many questions often arise. How will the agreed terms be implemented, and how is progress measured? How often should the meetings be convened, and by whom? Where will funding come from?
The October meeting in Gaborone aimed at providing answers to all these questions. Among the outcomes, participants:
- Considered the role of the secretariat and possible location, proposed frequency of meetings and information learning and exchange mechanisms, as well as possible funding sources. The conference agreed that Botswana should be the interim secretariat, and will continue to move the process forward until all countries agree on a final operating plan. The countries also considered a framework for implementing and tracking progress on the GDSA.
- Demonstrated best practices on sustainability and natural capital accounting. A number of case studies, some from areas where CI works, were presented in order to demonstrate best practice of the sustainable development discourse. Examples included natural capital accounting in Botswana and Madagascar; public-private partnerships and corporate planning in Liberia and South Africa, respectively; as well as community-based natural resource management in Namibia.
- Solicited more signatories and partners to the declaration. In order to attract new partners and wider buy in, it was agreed that the GDSA be presented to the African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN).
So what next? CI is committed to assisting nations to maintain healthy sustainable societies by securing their natural capital reservoirs, sustainable production and effective governance. Partnerships with the Gaborone Declaration signatories will go a long way in ensuring that CI fulfills its mission and vision, especially with regards to governance.
The first step thus will be for CI to continue as a partner to the GDSA and assist the government of Botswana in its role as the interim secretariat. As the CI government liaison and environment policy manager based in Botswana, I will be responsible for taking the lead in doing this, as well as leading fundraising efforts for implementation of the declaration at the regional and country level and analyzing relevant policies at both these levels for coherence.
As a Botswana national myself, I am proud to see the initiative my country has taken to help lead Africa toward more sustainable development. In my new role with CI, I’m excited to play a part in this critical movement.
Wame Hambira is the government liaison and environment policy manager for CI-Botswana.